Naegleria Fowleri: The Brain Eating Amoeba

Naegleria Fowleri: The Brain Eating Amoeba

About -

Naegleria Fowleri, commonly known as the 'Brain Eating Amoeba', is a single cell organism. It is found in the warm fresh water such as water in lakes, hot springs, and poorly maintained swimming pools.
It is microscopic organism that can only be seen with a microscope.

The amoeba can enter into the human body through nose, and it can cause severe brain infection known as 'Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM).

Spread in human body -

The amoeba in a person's body passes through nasal passage, while swimming, diving, or using contaminated water for rituals.
It then migrate through the 'olfactory nerve' to the brain, leading to the inflammation and destruction of brain tissue.

 It does not spread from person to person.

Individual At Risk -

The infections are extremely rare because the human body is vulnerable to Naegleria Fowleri.
Weak immune system, nasal or sinus issues, warm fresh-water activities can increase the vulnerability to certain level.

Symptom and Prognosis -

Within a week, the symptoms of the infection appear. Such as headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, confusion, hallucinations, stiffness, and seizures
The infection increases rapidly and it can lead to coma and death (low chances of survival).

Treatment -

Use of medicine (drugs).
The drug (Miltefosine) has shown efficacy in killing Naegleria Fowleri.
Even after treatment or using the drugs or medicines the chances of death of the person is close to 97%.